The play chronicles the fall of Richard II and the ascendance of Henry IV, known through the play as Henry Bolingbroke. The play is the first in Shakespeare’s second history tetralogy, to be followed by Henry IV pt.1 and 2, and Henry IV. At the start of the play Richard officiates in a quarrel between Thomas Mowbray and Henry Bolingbroke, and after some indecision exiles them both. He subsequently appropriates Bolingbroke’s estate to finance wars against the Irish. This infuriates Bolingbroke, and causes him to raise an army and secure support of noblemen in England. When Richard goes to Ireland to fight, Bolingbroke invades in the north of England and instantly gains a large following, being more popular with the common men than Richard. Bolingbroke then marches on London, with Richard fast running out of friends. When he runs out of options, Richard surrenders to Bolingbroke without a fight at Flint Castle in north east Wales. He is then brought to London as a prisoner. Henry Bolingbroke, now King Henry IV, is stuck with Richard. York’s son, Aumerle is caught plotting against the crown by his father, York, but pardoned by the king due to his mother’s pleading. An overzealous assassin who wishes to remediate the situation goes and kills Richard. Henry bemoans this greatly and swears to go to Jerusalem on a crusade. The stage is set for Henry IV’s tumultuous reign.