The Arabian Nights, also known as One Thousand and One Nights, is a collection of stories gathered over many centuries by various authors, translators and scholars across the Middle East, North Africa and Indian subcontinent, during the Islamic Golden Age (8th - 13th centuries).
There have been many adaptations for television, cinema, radio, and theatre.
"The Arabian Nights: A Play" is the most well-known theatre adaptation, written by Mary Zimmerman and first performed by Lookingglass Theatre Company in Chicago in 1992.
The tales, including the famous adventures of Sindbad the sailor, are told by a narrator, Scheherazade, the young bride of a Persian king. Each night she begins to tell the king a tale, without ending it. The king, who had executed all his previous wives the day after their wedding in order to avoid their future infidelity, therefore postpones her execution so he can hear the end of the tale. Every night, after finishing one tale, she begins a new one, and the king, eager to hear the end, postpones her execution once again. So it goes on for 1,001 nights.